On two occasions in the tumultuous 15th century Alkmaar finds itself caught up in a major conflict with its sovereign and both times they come out worse. These are the days when a power-struggle is taking place between the ever more powerful towns and the nobles. Who is actually in control? In 1425 the town rises against powerful Filips of Burgundy who was involved in a long, drawn-out war with Jacoba of Bavaria, Countess of Holland. Alkmaar and the people in Kennemerland were given important privileges by Jacoba, in order to engage their further support for her. But this also brings the town out against a strong opponent. Filips of Burgundy is not one to mess with. In the end Jacoba loses her power. Alkmaar is severely punished for its ‘rebellion’. It forfeits its city rights and other privileges, no more city gates, its city walls pulled down. And massive fines are imposed. The town gets impoverished, is no longer an official town. And deprived of its city gates and city walls it is defenceless against gangs of robbers and mutinous soldiers. The proud banner of Alkmaar is ignominiously displayed as a war-trophy in the Grote Kerk of Hoorn, which had not followed Jacoba so doggedly. In the course of time the old situation is restored again. In 1465 a general pardon is issued, which puts Alkmaar back on the map as a town. But at the end of the century things take a turn for the worse again. The town now turns against Maximiliaan of Austria, also of the house of Burgundy. In a time of great depression the town just won’t accept the new taxes levied by Maximliaan. Ruitergeld, so Alkmaar itself would pay the soldiers who were to keep the town under control. Didn’t that just beat it all? This leads to the revolt of the ‘Cheese and Bread’ folk. The house of tax-collector Claes Corff, the Count’s representative, is attacked. His poor manservant is killed. The Alkmaarders, together with the Haarlemmers, advance against the count in Leiden. However, without any success. Near Heemskerk the army of the rebels is wiped out and 200 Alkmaar people are killed. The Count’s punishment is once more quite severe. The proceeds of the count’s weighing rights used to be given to Alkmaar Civic Guards. From now on Claes Corff could pocket these proceeds!